Vascular Disease

What is Vascular Disease?

The vascular system is a “super highway” of blood vessels that deliver blood throughout the body. It is composed of:

  • Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to nourish every part of the body, including the brain, kidney, intestines, arms, legs and the heart itself.
  • Veins carry the blood back to the heart. Within the veins there are valves or gates that open to allow the blood to go back to the heart and prevent blood from flowing backwards.

Vascular disease occurs when:

  • Blood flow in the arteries is slowed or blocked. This usually happens at very specific sites in the body, usually in places where the arteries split and flow is turbulent. In certain conditions, the flow can be severely affected and can lead to serious complications.
  • Valves within the veins fail, allowing blood to go backwards. This tends to cause leg pain, swelling, discoloration of the skin and varicose veins.


  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)
  • Carotid Stenosis
  • Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
  • Critical Limb Disease
  • PAD – Peripheral Artery Disease

CirculatorySystemVascular diseases you may know about are:

Carotid Stenosis – this occurs when blood supply to the brain through the carotid arteries is reduced due to narrowing of the arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis. This is a gradual process brought about by accumulation of plaque that sticks to the artery walls, and can lead to a life-threatening stroke.

  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Carotid Stenting
  • Medical Management

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) – this condition is caused by narrowing of the arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, that supply blood flow to the legs. It can cause pain when walking and in severe cases it can lead to color changes and open sores. In very severe circumstances it can be associated with critical limb ischemia (CLI), which if left untreated can lead to amputations.

  • Angioplasty
  • Peripheral stenting
  • Atherectomy
  • Surgical bypass

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) – occurs when the walls of the vein are damaged and/or valves in the leg are not working effectively, slowing or preventing the return of blood to the heart from the legs.  When these valves become damaged, blood leaks backward. CVI is caused by aging, long periods of standing or is most commonly the result of deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

  • Compression therapy
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Iliac vein stenting

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) – an aneurysm forms when the artery that supplies blood flow to the abdomen, pelvis and legs weakens over time and can no longer support the pressure from the blood flowing through it. This causes the artery to get larger and act like a balloon.

  • Endovascular repair (EVAR)
  • Open, surgical, repair

Reduce Your Vascular Disease Risk

By the year 2024, it is estimated that over 20 million Americans may experience some element of vascular disease, due to obesity and the explosion of type II diabetes. The good news is that avoidance of smoking and instituting healthy habits, such as exercise, might help avoid the complications seen with vascular conditions.

Advances in our understanding of vascular conditions and the use of minimally invasive vascular procedures can greatly improve the quality of life for those patients afflicted by vascular disease. At Bloomfield Vein and Vascular, we will take the time to educate you on your condition and guide you as to what the best treatment options for you might be.