Varicose Veins

What Are Varicose Veins?

Normal veins have a series of valves that open and close as blood is directed from the surface of the legs to the deep leg veins, where the calf muscles pump blood to the heart. When the valves malfunction, blood flow comes down through the valves rather than flowing up. This causes veins to swell just under the surface of the skin.  Varicose veins tend to affect the legs most commonly; varicose veins in other unusual locations, are signs of a medical problem. If that is the case, we can help identify the cause of it and talk to you about your treatment options

Common symptoms associated with varicose veins include the feeling that your legs are achy, heavy and tired. Sometimes restless legs can be attributed to varicose veins. In advanced disease, varicose veins can lead to changes in the color of the skin by the ankle and open sores.


Varicose veins: before and after.

Risk factors for varicose veins:

  • Genetic disposition – a history of varicose veins in the family
  • Gender –
    • 1 out of 3 women are affected
    • 1 out of 5 men are affected
  • Pregnancy –
    • 30% of women will develop varicose veins during the first pregnancy
    • 55% will during their second and following pregnancies
  • Age –
    • People older than 50 are more likely to develop varicose veins

Treatment Options for Varicose Veins

These minimally invasive treatments are all performed in the office, allowing patients the ability to return to work sooner, and with less discomfort as compared to traditional surgical procedures. At Bloomfield Vein and Vascular we can help you decide the best option for your condition, with several available different treatments to choose from:

  • Use of compression stockings, avoidance of standing and exercise
  • Endovenous radiofrequency ablation
  • Mechanical ablation techniques such as Clarivein®
  • Foam sclerotherapy such as Varithena®
  • Sclerotherapy


These procedures are meant to treat a medical condition and as such insurance usually covers the cost. At Bloomfield Vein and Vascular we work with you and your insurance company to ensure that your treatment is covered and that there are no surprises for you.